Nature & Animals

Prehistoric Animal Viruses From the Permafrost Caught Interest of Russian Scientists

Feb 22, 2021 10:23 AM EST

Scientists are examining prehistoric viruses from the Siberian permafrost in the animal dug. A lab in Russia’s Siberia state is beginning study about prehistoric viruses conserved in the remnants of animals discovered in melting permafrost.

 Led by the Biotechnology,  University of Yakutsk and Vector State Research Centre of Virology, the research will begin by examining tissues from a prehistoric horse from at most 4,500 years ago.

These remnants were found in Yakutia, an area of Siberia, where Paleolithic animals such as mammoths are frequently seen.

snow on mountain

(Photo : Maria Orlova)

Other Prehistoric Animals 

 The scientists strive to research other prehistoric animals including rodents, partridges, hares, elk, dogs, the 28,800-year-old Malolyakhovsky woolly mammoth, and more. Several of the remnants are above 50,000 years old. All the animals were discovered because of the thawing.
Some of the remains are up to 50,000 years old. The animals were found because of the loosening permafrost.

One may marvel if this type of study is opening Pandora’s box in some way to ancient viruses, but this isn’t the first time viruses of such have been researched. In fact, with the Arctic warming at two-times the global mean rate, the loosening permafrost is possible to reveal more of its frozen properties.

ALSO READ: The Melting Permafrost Is Leaking Acid In The Arctic

  Museum Laboratory 

The animals been researched have gone through bacterial examination initially. Still, “We are administering the analysis on paleoviruses for the first time” said the head of the Mammoth Museum laboratory at Yakutsk University Maxim Cheprasov.

Doctor Olesya Okhlopkova, vector researcher said that the group of Vector Virology Centre are eager to search about paleo-viruses that would enable them begin development of paleo-virology in Russia and conduct spearheading research in virus evolution.

Research On Prehistoric Animals

However, there has only been little study on soft tissues but the Vector team is searching to oversee the infections in animals by separating the total nucleic acids and sequencing the genomes to generate more information on biodiversity and the micro-organisms in ancient animals.

Okhlopkova disclosed that it should conserve nucleic acids, we are expected to be able to generate data on their creation and ascertain how it altered. We can deduce the epidemiological capacity of currently existing infectious agents.
The Vector laboratory located in Novosibirsk during Soviet times used to be the center for the advancement of biological weapons. It’s one of the two locations across the globe that presently stocks the smallpox virus. It has also advanced Russia’s second COVID19 vaccine.

ice on the ground

(Photo : Eberhard Grossgas)

Viruses Likely to Surface Out of Prehistoric Animal Research

Cases of arising deadly viral infections have considerably influenced human heath despite unusual development on the part of biomedical knowledge. The decent examples are resurfacing outbreaks of chikungunya fever and dengue in tropical and subtropical locations, the latest epidemic of Zika in the Caribbean and the best example recurring outbreaks of dengue and chikungunya fever in tropical and sub-tropical regions, the recent epidemic of Zika in the Americas and the Caribbean, and the MERS, SARS, and influenza A outbreaks around the world.

The conventional natural pools of human viruses are mainly farm animals, and, to a little extent, arthropods and wild animals.

RELATED ARTICLE: Melting of Arctic Permafrost Brings Long-dead Viruses Back

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